Secret tank deal shows poor priorities

A secret tank deal by Kenya’s Army would have gone unnoticed if Somali pirates hadn’t hijacked a Ukrainian ship ferrying the 33 tanks to the port of Mombasa.

diesel, benzene and kerosene.

The Russian built T-72 tank can run on three types of fuel: diesel, benzene and kerosene.

Its not clear when the Department of Defence placed an order for T-72 tanks from Russia. The Army has not explained how much it spent on the equipment, neither has it explained the role of the 33 tanks in Kenya’s security strategy.

Apart from tanks, Somali pirates found tons of ammunition and auxiliary equipment within the ship, which they have threatened to offload for use in their country’s civil war. The pirates are demanding US$35 million in ransom before they release the vessel and its cargo.

Typical of most African governments, Kenya’s leaders are spending billions of dollars on security while ordinary people die of hunger, disease and poor shelter. Kenya ranks at the bottom of international social and economic indicators.

A growing population is putting pressure on neglected infrastructure. Public hospitals lack drugs as thousands of Kenyans perish each year on a road network broken to the point of tatters. Kenyan cities are going without fresh water due to lack of investment in water production.

The capital city of Nairobi is getting less water today than it was receiving a decade ago after a colonial era dam collapsed at Sasumua. The port city of Mombasa gets water from a supply system built by the British when the town’s population was less than a third of current figures.

Lack of investment in electricity production has made Kenya’s electricity tariffs the highest in Africa. Industries suffer from constant power blackouts which have undermined economic growth, leading to massive losses and job cuts.

Agricultural production in Kenya is far below demand. The country is producing less coffee, maize, tea, wheat, millet and everything else compared to twenty years ago. Sugar milling companies in Western Kenya, stuck with 19th century technology, are creaking out low quality sugar in significantly less quantities than when Kenya was a British colony.

Amidst all these, the Kenyan government has seen it fit to invest billions of shillings in military equipment. As stated earlier, if it wasn’t for Somali pirates, majority of Kenyans would never have known that tanks were about to get imported into the country. But, lack of priority in government procurement appears to be the norm these days.

Its been announced that Kenya will spend about $23 million in the purchase of second-hand fighter jets from the Kingdom of Jordan. The F-5 fighter that the Kenyan Airforce is so fond of went out of production in 1989, meaning that the jets Kenya is buying are at least 19 years old. Kenya will also pay Jordan to train its pilots in using the junk aircraft.

Meanwhile, other branches of the security forces are on a shopping bonanza. Regular and Administration police have enhanced their recruitment drives to boost numbers. They are receiving modern equipment, weapons, 4-wheel drive trucks, uniforms and riot gear. Considering the conduct of police during the post-election violence, its obvious that this enhanced expenditure is not for the benefit of ordinary men and women.

The Kenya Police has just finished rehabilitating giant Russian-built helicopters fitted with night-vision equipment, gun detectors and communications technology. The helicopters will carry a team of quick response officers assisted by highly trained dogs.

Just this week, the Kenya National Commission on Human Rights – a government body – blamed police for the execution of 500 Kikuyu youth and the disappearance of scores of others. According to survivors, the dead and the disappeared were all abducted by people identifying themselves as police officers. A man whose dramatic arrest in Nairobi was shown on the front page of the Daily Nation, was later found dead in the city mortuary.

For most Kenyans, the acquisition of helicopters, night vision equipment and vicious dogs can only portend doom as far as personal freedoms are concerned.

By purchasing bigger weapons to arm a greater number of police and soldiers, the Kenyan government is treading a path set by authorities in situations of high wealth inequality. Kenya is among the top three most unequal societies on earth.

On one hand there is an extremely wealthy minority whose standard of living can comfortably secure them a place among the world’s rich and famous. On the opposite extreme is a majority of people without access to adequate food, housing, health care and education. These are people whose future is so bleak that the only options are crime, prostitution, alcoholism and violence.

Amidst this depressing scenario, authorities seek to preserve the status quo by unleashing greater surveillance of the disadvantaged majority. The objective is to make life safer and easier for the rich minority.

The fruits of economic growth are used to buy guns instead of building roads. Public funds are used to buy tanks instead of medicines for government hospitals. In an unequal society, the government will find it better to employ soldiers and police rather than employing doctors and teachers. Instead of facilitating constructive engagement between the rich and the poor, the system is designed to keep them apart.

Such trends have happened elsewhere and Kenya is blindly going down the same path. Unfortunately, that particular path usually ends up in self-destruction, for the human spirit cannot tolerate oppression forever.

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5 Responses

  1. Few points:

    1) I fully agree that it’s evil that weapons purchases are only found out by random – the lack of transparency is egregious. The only way to get rid of corruption is to demand more transparency in everything government decides and buys. How much did the tanks really cost and how much was pocketed by goverment officials?

    2) You contradict yourself – first you complain about money spent on weapons and then you complain that they are buiyng “junk” (F5 fighters). If they buy “proper” fighters, the price would easily be 100x the current price.. Same thing for T-72’s – they are *cheap*.

    3) While it’s regrettable that goverment is spending more in guns than roads, without law and order there is no economic growth. If the goverment doesn’t have the force to crush bandits like SDLF, kenya will end up like somalia. As long as nairobi is known as “nairobbery”, the country is missing so many investment opportunities it’s not even funny.

    4) The excessive force used by police is certainly against human rights. But, in balance we need to remember that without police, the country would be ran by thugs. so the solution is not to make police weak, but make police follow the law and order.

    Of course, effective policing is only one part of “Rule of Law”. The other parts needing fixing is corruption (which why roads, water and electricity in the country all collapsing) and making the legal courts fair and trustworthy.

  2. every country on earth spends money on defence and keep it secret. how ever the money must be spent wisely and 2 the best intrest of the countrys security. buying second hand T72 for the army was not the best option, coz it cost alot in terms of meintanace. the tank has a poor power to weight ratio and the engines tend to break down easyly especially when the tank fires its big 125mm gun while moving, the recoil damages the transmission system. the gun also has problems with accuraccy esp at ranges in excess of 1800m where it can miss by 4meters which is considererd sub standard in tank warfare. in ranges in excess of 4000m you can just imagine where the shot will go. here is some food for thought, an american M 1 tank needs a barrel change after firing 1000 rounds while the T 72 has to change the barrel after only firing100 rounds. will kenya army manage to maintain them? thats the question

  3. […] Vorwürfe, Kenia kaufe überflüssige Panzer und lasse seine von den Unruhen und der Inflation in […]

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